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Advance directives are legal documents that allow you to convey your decisions about end-of-life care ahead of time.
On March 23, 2010, federal healthcare legislation, known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, was signed into law.
People in the United States are living longer than ever before. But there's no getting around one thing: as we age, our bodies and minds change. There are things you can do to stay healthy and active as you age.
An allergy is a reaction of your immune system to something that does not bother most other people. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one thing.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia among older people. Dementia is a brain disorder that seriously affects a person's ability to carry out daily activities.
If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis. Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints.
Asthma is a chronic disease that affects your airways. It can cause wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing, especially early in the morning or at night.
Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things? If so, your child may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Looking for additional health information on the Internet? This collection of web links, organized by site type, will help you find the health information you're looking for.
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness. People who have it experience dramatic mood swings. They may go from overly energetic, "high" and/or irritable, to sad and hopeless, and then back again.
Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, but it can cause serious problems such as stroke, heart failure, heart attack, and kidney failure.
Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer.
Learn how breastfeeding benefits infants, mothers, and families.
A bunion is when your big toe points toward the second toe. This causes a bump on the side of your toe.
Cancer begins in your cells. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should.
Seat belts and car seats can greatly reduce injuries and death in motor vehicle accidents when used properly. This collection of links will help you learn more about Colorado law and how to properly secure children riding in motor vehicles.
If you have celiac disease and eat foods with gluten, your immune system responds by damaging the small intestine. Gluten is a protein in wheat, rye and barley. It is found mainly in foods but may also be in other products.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fatlike substance that occurs naturally in all parts of the body. Your body needs some cholesterol to work properly. But if you have too much in your blood, it can stick to the walls of your arteries.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) makes it hard for you to breathe. Coughing up mucus is often one of the first signs of COPD. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are common types of COPD.
Clinical trials are research studies that test how well new medical approaches work in people. Each study answers scientific questions and tries to find better ways to prevent, screen for, diagnose or treat a disease.
A co-occurring disorder, or dual diagnosis, occurs when someone has both a mental disorder and an alcohol or drug problem. These conditions occur together frequently.
Cancer of the colon or rectum is also called colorectal cancer. In the United States, it is one of the most common cancers in men and women. Caught early, it is often curable.
Many Americans use medical treatments that are not part of mainstream medicine. This type of care may be called complementary, integrative, or alternative medicine.
A child's first teeth, called primary teeth or "baby teeth," usually begin to appear when babies are between 6 months and 1 year of age. Caring for these teeth is as important as caring for permanent adult teeth.
Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It's more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days.
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels are too high. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems.
Dietary supplements are vitamins, minerals, herbs, and other substances meant to improve your diet. They can come as pills, capsules, powders, and liquids.
Eating disorders are serious behavior problems. They include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating.
Regular exercise is a critical part of staying healthy. People who are active live longer and feel better. Exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. It can delay or prevent diabetes, some cancers and heart problems.
Some eye problems are minor and fleeting. But some lead to a permanent loss of vision.
Influenza, commonly called "the flu," is caused by the influenza virus, which infects the respiratory tract (nose, throat, and lungs).
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a pattern of frequent, constant worry and anxiety over many different activities and events.
Grief is a reaction to a major loss, such as the death of a loved one. Your reactions are influenced by your relationship with the person who died and by the circumstances of the death, particularly if it was sudden or accidental.
Whether you are buying health insurance for the first time, considering a change to your current coverage or having problems with your current plan, this collection of links can help you understand your choices and your legal rights.
Uninsured? These resources will help you understand your options for obtaining health insurance and healthcare when you or family members are uninsured, regardless of your income.
This collection of links will take users to national and local sources of online health news. The resources listed at the bottom will also help you evaluate the health information that you find on the web.
Looking for health and healthcare statistics at the local, state and national level? This collection of web links will help you find the health data you're looking for. Great for researchers, grant writers, students and the curious.
If you're like most people, you think that heart disease is a problem for other folks. But heart disease is the No. 1 killer in the United States. It is also a major cause of disability.
Heel problems are common and can be painful. Often, they result from too much stress on your heel bone and the tissues that surround it.
Hospice care is end-of-life care provided by health professionals and volunteers. They give medical, psychological and spiritual support.
Immunizations are essential for the health of adults as well as children. This topic will help you find reliable information as you make a decision on what immunizations you need in adulthood and when and how to get them.
This collection of links provides parents with immunization/vaccine schedules for children and information about vaccine safety and effectiveness.
Long-term care is a variety of services that includes medical and non-medical care to people who have a chronic illness or disability. Long-term care helps meet health or personal needs.
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. It is a leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the United States. Cigarette smoking causes most lung cancers.
Healthcare delivered through a medical home is accessible, patient-centered, personalized, continuous, comprehensive, coordinated, compassionate and culturally responsive.
Doctors order blood tests, X-rays, and other tests to help diagnose medical problems. You want your tests to be done the right way, and you want accurate results.
While the life-expectancy gap between men and women has decreased, it's no secret that men still need to pay more attention to their bodies.
If you've never talked to a counselor before, you may have a lot of questions. Don't let these questions keep you from getting help.
Choosing a mental health therapist who is right for you is an important first step in getting counseling. In order to do this, you need some basic information on mental health services, and ways of choosing a therapist who will be a good match for yo
Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that put you at risk for heart disease and diabetes.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous-system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord.
Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. Nutrients include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water.
Oral cancer can form in any part of the mouth or throat. Most oral cancers begin in the tongue and in the floor of the mouth.
Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder. It causes panic attacks, which are sudden feelings of terror for no reason.
As a patient, you have certain rights. Some are guaranteed by federal law, such as the right to get a copy of your medical records and the right to keep them private. Many states have additional laws protecting patients.
If you have gum disease, you're not alone. Many U.S. adults currently have some form of the disease. It ranges from simple gum inflammation, called gingivitis, to serious damage to the tissue and bone supporting the teeth.
Many new moms feel happy one minute and sad the next. If you feel better after a week or so, you probably just had the "baby blues." If it takes you longer to feel better, you may have postpartum depression.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a real illness. You can get PTSD after living through or seeing a traumatic event, such as war, a hurricane, rape, physical abuse or a bad accident.
So you're going to have a baby! Whether you are pregnant or are planning to get pregnant, you will want to give your baby a healthy start.
This topic will help users with questions about specific prescription medications.
This topic includes links to information on safety, disposal of medicines, herbal remedies, and saving money on prescriptions.
This topic was prepared to help consumers save money on prescription drugs.
The prostate is the gland below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen. Prostate cancer is most common in older men, and it is rare in men younger than 40.
Quitting tobacco is one of the most important things you can do for your health. But if you've ever tried to quit, you know it can be tough to do. This collection of links can help you get started.
Some people experience a serious mood change when the seasons change. Though symptoms can be severe, they usually clear up. This condition is seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.
Substance use is a serious public health problem that affects almost every community and family in some way. Each year, millions of serious illnesses or injuries in the United States result from drug and alcohol abuse.
If you or someone you know is in crisis, you can call one of the national suicide hotlines: (800) 442-HOPE (1-800-442-4673) or (800) 273-TALK (1-800-273-8255). In a medical emergency, call 9-1-1 immediately.
Tobacco is a plant grown for its leaves, which are smoked, chewed, or sniffed for a variety of effects. It is considered addictive because it contains the chemical nicotine. Tobacco also contains more than 60 known cancer-causing chemicals.
Varicose veins are enlarged veins that are swollen and raised above the surface of the skin. Varicose veins are commonly found on the backs of the calves or on the inside of the leg.
Veterans returning from combat may have a difficult readjustment to civilian life due to physical injuries, traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression, anxiety, and/or posttraumatic stress. Many health and mental-health services are available.
Weight management means keeping your body weight at a healthy level. Regular exercise and a healthy diet are crucial when it comes to controlling your weight.
This topic provides general West Nile virus information, suggestions for how to prevent infection, and links to information about anti-mosquito efforts in Fort Collins, Loveland, and Larimer County.
Women have unique health needs and often coordinate their family's healthcare. This topic offers information on preventive screening for women and points women to health sites they will find useful.


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An acupuncturist is a healthcare professional who practices acupuncture, inserting thin needles into specific body points to improve health and well-being.
Allergists/immunologists are specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies, asthma, and other diseases of the immune system.
When preparing for surgery, many patients think of the anesthesiologist as the "physician behind the mask" who sends them into sleep before the procedure and wakes them when it's over. What they may not realize is that the anesthesiologist
An aromatherapist is a healthcare provider who is trained to administer a therapy in which the scent of essential oils from flowers, herbs, and trees is inhaled to promote health and well-being.
Audiologists are healthcare professionals who evaluate, treat, and manage hearing loss, tinnitus, and balance disorders in newborns, children, and adults.
Child Health Plan Plus (CHP+) is a low-cost health insurance program for qualifying Colorado children ages 18 and under and for some pregnant women.
The chiropractor's main method of treatment is through adjustments (spinal manipulations). Chiropractors also may order lab tests, X-rays, and other common tests to help make a diagnosis.
The Colorado Indigent Care Program (CICP) provides discounted healthcare services to low-income individuals at participating providers. CICP is not a health insurance program.
General dentists are the primary dental care providers for patients of all ages. They can treat you and your entire family and care for your oral health, which is crucial to your overall health.
Information about healthcare provider licensure, disciplinary actions, and more is on the Colorado Dept. of Regulatory Agencies' website. Licensure info for health facilities is on the Colorado Dept. of Public Health and Environment's website.
A dermatologist is a medical doctor who works with you to keep your skin, hair, and nails healthy throughout your lifetime.
An endocrinologist is a specially trained doctor. Endocrinologists diagnose diseases that affect your hormones. They know how to treat conditions that are often complex and involve many systems within your body.
A family doctor is a physician who takes care of the whole family. They get to know their patients and the patients' families and help them make the best healthcare decisions.
A gastroenterologist is a physician with training and experience in the management of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver.
A gynecologist is a licensed medical doctor who specializes in women's healthcare.
Doctors of internal medicine focus on adult medicine and have had special study and training focusing on the prevention and treatment of adult diseases.
A massage therapist applies manual techniques (by use of hand or body), and may apply adjunctive therapies, with the intention of positively affecting the health and well-being of the client.
Medicaid is health coverage for low-income families, children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with disabilities. Eligibility is based on income and family size.
Medicare is our nation's health insurance program for people age 65 or older. Certain people under age 65 can qualify for Medicare, too, including those with disabilities, end stage renal disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Nephrologists, or "kidney doctors," are doctors who have advanced training in treating kidney disease.
A neurological surgeon, or neurosurgeon, is a doctor concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with injury to, or diseases of, the brain, spine, peripheral nerves, or arteries of the neck.
Occupational therapists are licensed healthcare professionals who help patients improve their ability to perform tasks in living and working environments.
An oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cancer.
An ophthalmologist is an eye MD, a medical doctor who specializes in eye and vision care.
Optometrists, also known as doctors of optometry (ODs), examine people's eyes to diagnose vision problems, such as nearsightedness and farsightedness.
An orthodontist is to teeth what a cardiologist is to the heart. Orthodontists diagnose, prevent, and treat dental and facial irregularities. They are the uniquely trained experts in dentistry to straighten teeth and align jaws.
Orthopaedic surgeons manage problems of the musculoskeletal system, including injuries and diseases of the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves.
A doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) is a physician licensed to practice medicine, perform surgery, and prescribe medication.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, upper pharynx (mouth and throat), and structures of the neck and face, as well as many ENT-related primary care problems in both children and adults.
Pediatrics is a branch of medicine dealing with the development, medical care, and diseases of children.
Physical therapists (PTs) are licensed healthcare professionals who can help patients reduce pain and improve or restore mobility - in many cases without surgery and often reducing the need for long-term use of prescription medications.
Plastic surgery encompasses both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. Plastic surgeons are trained to perform both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures on the face and all areas of the body.
Podiatrists, also known as doctors of podiatric medicine (DPMs), diagnose and treat disorders, diseases, and injuries of the foot and lower leg.
A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses, including substance use and addiction.
A registered dietitian nutritionist/registered dietitian is a food and nutrition expert who can translate the science of nutrition into practical solutions for healthy living.
Reiki is a healing practice that originated in Japan. Reiki practitioners place their hands lightly on or just above the person receiving treatment, with the goal of facilitating the person's own healing response.
A rheumatologist is an internist or pediatrician who is qualified by additional training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and other diseases of the joints, muscles, and bones.
Speech-language pathologists - sometimes called speech therapists - assess, diagnose, treat and help to prevent disorders related to speech, language, cognitive-communication, voice, swallowing, and fluency.
SNAP helps put food on the table for millions of households each month. It provides low-income people with benefits they can use like cash at most grocery stores.
A urologist is a physician who is trained to evaluate the genitourinary tract, which includes the kidneys, urinary bladder, and genital structures in men and women, and the prostate and testicles in men.
A vascular surgeon is a surgical specialist who cares for patients who have diseases that affect the arteries, veins, and lymphatic system, not including the heart and intracranial (within the brain) circulations.
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